Hawthorn is a suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) east from Melbourne’s central business district. Its Local Government Area is the City of Boroondara. At the 2006 Census, Hawthorn had a population of 19,784.
Glenferrie Road, Hawthorn is designated one of 82 Major Activity Centres in the Melbourne 2030 Metropolitan Strategy.
The area was first settled in the late 1830s. The Boroondara Roads Board, the first municipal authority, was set up in the 1850s and covered a remarkably similar area to the present City of Boroondara. Boroondara is an aboriginal word reputed to mean place of shade. However, the Hawthorn Roads Board and the Kew Roads Board split from the rest of Boroondara in 1860. The HRB evolved into the Town of Hawthorn and the City of Hawthorn. The state government amalgamated the Cities of Camberwell, Hawthorn and Kew in 1994 to form the City of Boroondara.
The name Hawthorn, gazetted in 1840 as “Hawthorne”, is thought to have originated from a conversation involving Charles La Trobe, who commented that the native shrubs looked like flowering Hawthorn bushes. Alternatively the name may originate with the bluestone house, so named, and built by James Denham St Pinnock (see Australian DNB) which stands to this day.
The region is generally regarded to be one of Melbourne’s surviving bastions of post-Gold Rush expansion. Land values in the region are among the country’s highest, especially in the prestigious Grace Park Estate straddling the suburb’s Northern boundary and Yarra Park in the west. Interestingly, there is also a considerable amount of student accommodation due mainly to the presence of Swinburne University.
 Educational institutions
Chapel at Scotch College
Hawthorn is the home of Swinburne University of Technology, which offers university and TAFE courses.
The suburb is also the home of a number of private schools such as Erasmus School of Primary Education, St. Josephs Primary School and Scotch College, the latter being one of the oldest and most prestigious schools in the country.
The area gives good geographical access to private schools in Camberwell, Malvern, Hawthorn East, including Alia College and Bialik College, as well as those in Kew, such as Xavier College, Carey Baptist Grammar School, Methodist Ladies’ College, Ruyton Girls’ School, Genazzano FCJ College and Trinity Grammar School. Just west of Hawthorn (in Richmond) is the Melbourne Girls’ College.
The suburb also contains good state-run schools such as: Glenferrie Primary School and Hawthorn West Primary School. Both schools boast rich, stimulating curricula. The area also gives access to state schools in nearby Hawthorn East: Hawthorn Secondary College, Auburn Primary School and Auburn South Primary School.
Glenferrie Road facing south looking down the hill from Kew. Beyond the traffic light is Hawthorn, and the foreground is in Kew, as Barkers Road forms the border
Glenferrie Road is a major shopping strip with two supermarkets, all major banks and many chain and specialty stores. There are also shopping centres at the corner of Burwood Road and Power Street, in Church Street, in Auburn Road (the western side of which is within the Hawthorn postcode, while the eastern side is in Hawthorn East), the corner of Glenferrie Road and Riversdale Road and the corner of Auburn Road and Riversdale Road.
Hawthorn is particularly noted for the number, range and quality of its restaurants, many of which reflect the strong ethnic diversity of the region. There are also many nightclubs and hotels in the suburb.
Although mainly noted as a residential region, there is some industry in the area, particularly in Burwood Road between Power Street and Auburn Road.
 Public facilities
The City of Boroondara retains offices in the former Hawthorn Town Hall in Burwood Road (near the corner of Glenferrie Road). This building is noted as a good example of late 19th Century public-building architecture. Boroondara City Council, Swinburne University and many other organisations maintain many important facilities within the city. These include sports grounds and other sporting facilities, public barbecues, infant welfare centres, youth clubs (including the Hawthorn Citizens’ Youth Club, scouts and guides), churches of most denominations, etc. Hawthorn citizens also have access to nearby synagogues in Kew, East Kew and Doncaster and a mosque in Doncaster. The Bahá’í faith also has a presence in the suburb.
Swinburne University hosts a makeshift musalla for Muslims which is used on Fridays for Juma prayers for both students and common people
The suburb also has a number of public recreation areas, and the suburb is noted for the number, size and quality of its parks, many of which still retain layouts that were first made in the 19th century. Hawthorn was originally a brick-making area and many of its parks are on the sites of former quarries which were filled-in by them becoming tips and then parkland.
Hawthorn is serviced by three railway stations: Hawthorn, Glenferrie and Auburn. It is also served by tram routes 16, 48, 70, 72, 75 and 109.
A boy wearing a Hawks outfit plays with the local basketball team.
The suburb also gives its name to Hawthorn Australian rules football club. Their former training ground was Glenferrie Oval.